Baikal Archaeology Project

About the Project

Archaeology Module

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Project Description

This module relies on both previous and original excavations to provide the archaeological context and raw material for most of the other modules. As such, the archaeological context module makes up the core of the entire research project.

Radiocarbon dating will be used to provide precise archaeological ages for all individuals excavated and will be a necessary tool to assess the observed behavioural variability in its original time depth.

This module will also be concerned with the documentation of mortuary behaviour, including such variables as where cemeteries were located in the landscape, how graves were constructed, how individuals were buried, and what they buried with. Analysis of this behaviour, in conjunction with insights gained from the other modules, can provide clues regarding the world view of these groups, including the social and political structure of the group.

Finally, we will also review the archaeological data available from habitation sites in the Cis-Baikal region. Particular emphasis will be placed on sites in those microregions from which our mortuary collections are drawn. Clues provided by the topographic location, and nature of the lithic and faunal collections will be used to identify functions of the key sites, which will be further integrated with the data generated by our own laboratory analyses to build comprehensive models of land use during the pre- and post-hiatus times.

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